May 9th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
मूर्खस्य पञ्च चिन्हानि गर्वो दुर्वचनं तथा
क्रोधश्च दृढवादश्च परवाक्येश्वनादरः

Transliteration:
mUrkhasya pa~ncha chinhaani garvo durvachanaM tathaa
krodhashcha dRuDhavaadashcha paravaakyeshvanaadaraH

Meaning of the subhAShita:
5 signs of an imbecile are - vanity, despicable words, anger, relentless argument and lack of respect for others' words.

Commentary:
One's acumen and intelligence is gauged through his conduct and mannerisms. The poet opines that there are 5 stark symptoms of a fool -

1. Arrogance is a trait of the ignorant. Arrogance diminishes wisdom. It makes one falter, make mistakes and feed the ego.

2. Using obnoxious and despicable words is not only disrespectful to others, it brings down one's own stature. Being hurtful and offensive to others is not warranted under any circumstance.

3. Anger takes one to trouble, pride keeps him there. The wise do not opt for trouble, only a dunce does that.

4. Intellectual conversations and exchange of ideas are pro-active towards growth and learning. But a dunce finds it amusing to relentlessly argue on a baseless point! He keeps insisting his view point, without a purpose or backing.

5. It is not enough if one expresses his opinion. He needs to heed to the opinions of others too. Showing negligence or disrespect towards others is a screaming symbol of idiotism.

Wise men speak because they have something to say, a fool because he has to say something! Choose to be wise!!

pada vigrahaH:
मूर्खस्य पञ्च चिन्हानि गर्वः दुर्वचनं तथा
mUrkhasya pa~ncha chinhaani garvaH durvachanaM tathaa

क्रोधः च दृढवादः च पर वाक्येशु अनादरः
krodhaH cha dRuDhavaadaH cha para vaakyeshu anaadaraH

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