May 27th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु मातृरूपेण संस्थिता ।
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः ॥

Transliteration:
yaa devI sarvabhUteShu maatRurUpeNa saMsthitaa |
namastasyai namastasyai namastasyai namo namaH ||

Meaning of the subhAShita:
To that Goddess, who is residing in all beings, in the form of the mother, I bow, salute, pray and prostrate to her!

Commentary:
Once when a little girl was asked where her home was, she gave a matter-of-fact-ly answer, 'where my mom is!'  What a simple, yet profound answer!  'A home is where the heart is' and 'the heart is where mother is', isn't it!  'Mother' is the name of God in the hearts and lips of little children! My mother always said that, since God Himself could not be present physically at all places, He created mothers!  It is the mother who, not only gives birth to her offspring, but nestles and nourishes when young, then on, nurses and nurtures forever.  A new born knows not, the whims and fancies of the world.  It is the mother (or a motherly figure), who takes the child by the hand and accustoms it to its surroundings!  It is she who teaches the first words, it is she who inculcates values, it is she who teaches the child right from wrong.  A mother's heart is a beacon of love, not just for her own children, but for children in general.  This phenomenon of a mother is prevalent not just in human beings, but in all forms of beings in general!  Yes, even in those that lay eggs and leave, even in those that leave young cubs behind to fend for themselves!  How?  Well, even the mother of those species makes sure she lays her eggs in the safest place that she can find, she leaves the cubs only when she has made sure she has taught them the tricks of trade for survival!  Hence, that divine element of nurturing, is present in all mothers, invariably.  For that matter, whatever be the gender of the being giving that tending affection, it is considered 'motherly love'!  Doesn't that make her synonymous with nurturing?!!  The author of the verse is hence prostrating and saluting, again and again, to that divinity present in all mothers universally. 

Reverence to thee O mother!  Reverence to thee!

pada vigrahaH:
या देवी सर्व-भूतेषु मातृ-रूपेण संस्थिता ।
yaa devI sarva bhUteShu maatRu rUpeNa saMsthitaa |

नमः तस्यै नमः तस्यै नमः तस्यै नमो नमः ॥
namaH tasyai namaH tasyai namaH tasyai namo namaH ||


May 20th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
मित्रद्रोही कृतघ्नश्च यश्च विश्वासघातकः ।
ते नरा नरकं यान्ति यावच्चन्द्रदिवाकरौ ॥

- पञ्चतन्त्र, मित्रभेद

Transliteration:
mitradrohI kRutaghnashcha yashcha vishvaasaghaatakaH |
te naraa narakaM yaanti yaavachchandradivaakarau ||
- pa~nchatantra, mitrabheda

Meaning of the subhAShita:
He who is treacherous to a friend; he who is ungrateful for rendered benefactions; he who is a traitor (fells trust) - these people attain hell - as long as the sun and moon are existent. 

Commentary:
Friends are for pulling one out of rough times, not for putting them through!  When one considers another as a friend and confides in him, there is no ethical justification for betraying him.  One would have let all his guards down and exposed his most vulnerable side to that friend.  Back stabbing that credence is not dharma in any which way.

When you pray on someone, do not prey on them :).  When someone has been a benefactor in time of need, there is nothing in this world that can be given to repay that debt.  One would be indebted to that patron for ever in his life, because, he gave assistance in time of need.  There is no deed that can compensate for that  timely aid received.  Forgetting that and showing ingratitude is not even a choice!  When something is not even in the dictionary, how can the use of it be acceptable?  Similarly, when something is not even a choice, how can that be deemed as dharma?!!

Trust is a silken thread, that keeps everything in the world functioning.  If there was no trust factor, then one would not trust the grain grown by the farmer or the fruit brought by the gardener!  One would have to depend on himself for everything and be entirely self sufficient!  Even then, he will have to trust in his own abilities and mother nature at least, to assist in his efforts!  Hence, it is quite unlikely for anyone to live like without trusting anyone.  That means, trust, is a very essential ingredient for basic survival also.  It is the very thread on which the world keeps functioning.  Breaking that bond is not something small.  Like someone said, 'I am not upset that you lied to me, but because, I can't believe you anymore'.  It breaks not only the faith in the current situation alone, but for all the forthcoming scenarios as well!  That which breaks the very reason for co-existence, can not be dharma!

Anything that is not coherent with dharma, is punishable.  Whether one likes it or not, he has to reap the fruit of all his actions.  The fruit for such breakage of bonds of trust is, they shall rot in hell!  When the poet says they shall attain hell, till the sun and moon exist,  it does not mean, they stay in hell till the sun and moon exist, but that, this law holds good as long as the sun and moon are shining!

To be trusted, is a much greater compliment than to be loved!  Be trust worthy!

pada vigrahaH:
मित्र-द्रोही कृतघ्नः च यः च विश्वास-घातकः ।
mitra-drohI kRutaghnaH cha yaH cha vishvaasa-ghaatakaH |

ते नराः नरकं यान्ति यावत् चन्द्र-दिवाकरौ ॥
te naraaH narakaM yaanti yaavat chandra-divaakarau ||

May 13th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
यत्रोऽत्साहसमारम्भो यत्रालस्यविहीनता ।
नयविक्रमसम्योगस्तत्र श्रीरचला ध्रुवम् ॥

- पञ्चतन्त्र, मित्रसम्प्राप्‍ति 

Transliteration:
yatro.tsaahasamaarambho yatraalasyavihInataa |
nayavikramasamyogastatra shrIrachalaa dhruvam ||
- pa~nchatantra, mitrasampraapti

Meaning of the subhAShita:
Where there is zeal in the effort, where there is absence of indolence, there, in a conjugation of humility and courage, wealth is certain to be steady.

Commentary:
Zealousness in any actions is what makes the task that much easier (or harder)!  When there is enthusiasm and passion in what one is undertaking, it kindles gusto in those around.  It ignites a sense of eagerness in everyone to reach the goal sooner and better. To be zealous constantly, in the face of all kinds of hurdles and brick walls one comes across, takes a lot of courage!

About zeal, it is said that, it fits only the wise, but found mostly in the fools :).  When there is energy, shouldn't there be a sense of direction for that energy!  Where there is no mis-directed energy, there is no place for indolence.  'Indolence', the word just makes laziness appear classy :).  But is useful nowhere!

Wisdom and proper knowledge brings humility in a person.  In a union of humility and courage, there is no stopping for prosperity.  Where there is prosperity, there is abundance and abundance leads to wealth!  Hence, if aspiring for wealth, inculcate these very essential attributes!

pada vigrahaH:
यत्र उत्साह-समारम्भः यत्र आलस्य-विहीनता ।
yatra utsaaha-samaarambhaH yatra aalasya-vihInataa |

नय-विक्रम-सम्योगः तत्र श्रीः अचला ध्रुवम् ॥
naya-vikrama-samyogaH tatra shrIH achalaa dhruvam ||

May 6th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
दुर्जनः परिहर्तव्यो विद्ययाऽलङ्कृतोऽपि सन् ।
मणिना भूषितः सर्पः किमसौ न भयङ्करः ॥

- नीतिशतक, भर्तृहरि

Transliteration:
durjanaH parihartavyo vidyayaa.la~nkRuto.pi san |
maNinaa bhUShitaH sarpaH kimasau na bhaya~nkaraH ||
- nItishataka, bhartRuhari

Meaning of the subhAShita:
An evil doer should be evaded, even if ornate with knowledge too!  Just because it is adorned with a jewel,  isn't a snake scary?

Commentary:
Someone once said, 'If you see a snake, just kill it.  For God's sake... do not appoint a committee on snakes!'  Such is the repute of a snake.  The enticement of the beautiful jewel on its head will not overtake the fear it generates in the hearts of the people.  It still is regarded a scary creature and people would stay away from it.  Similarly, a person's versatility in different arenas or his expertise in a particular field, will not draw people to him if his mind is evil.  Those around him are bound to be hurt.  Many a times, the evilness of his mind may not even be evident to those around.  Especially if he is a learned man, he would have mastered the art of deceit!  Hence, the author says, just because a snake brandishes a shiny jewel on its head, it doesn't make it any less scary.  An evil doer, adorned with vidyaa (knowledge), is just the same.  Hence, avoid the snake and the evil doer, just the same, at all costs!

Knowledge and viciousness do not go hand in hand.  One day or the other, the malevolence shall be exposed and ostracized. True knowledge should make one humble and pious.  Aim for true vidyaa.   Respect, lovableness and piety will follow automatically.

pada vigrahaH:
दुर्जनः परिहर्तव्यः विद्यया अलङ्कृतः अपि सन् ।
durjanaH parihartavyaH vidyayaa ala~nkRutaH api san |

मणिना भूषितः सर्पः किम् असौ न भयङ्करः ॥
maNinaa bhUShitaH sarpaH kim asau na bhaya~nkaraH ||