February 8th


Sanskrit Pearl of the day:
पारुष्यमनृतं चैव पैशुन्यं चापि सर्वशः
असम्बद्धप्रलापश्च वाङ्मयं स्याच्चतुर्विधम्
- मनुस्मृति

Transliteration:
paaruShyamanRutaM chaiva paishunyaM chaapi sarvashaH
asambaddhapralaapashcha vaa~nmayaM syaachchaturvidham
- manusmRuti

Meaning of the subhAShita:
Reproachful word, lies, tattling (back biting) and unnecessary gossip - perhaps, are the four speech associated issues always.

Commentary:
Speech is a very powerful gift humans received from God. He bestowed this faculty to only one species - humans! (Other species communicate amongst each other, but there hardly is any other specie with so many languages, dialects, scripts and scriptures too!)

1. It is very easy to speak reproachful, insulting words to our fellow beings. We do not think about what it does to the person on the receiving end. Many a times, the harsh words are forgotten by the afflictor but remain forever in the mind of the afflicted... it rarely misses the target and then some.

2. Telling lies to get out of a situation is probably the worst kind of damage. It not only damages the credibility of the person, but also one's faith in oneself! He may escape the particular situation from others, but the guilt within himself is huger than he acknowledges! (Actually, lying is harder than telling the truth! One has to keep track of what lies he has told whom... In that case, why bother with lies!!)

3. Defaming others, talking behind people's back, treacherous/devious/slanderous speech... Nobody benefits from these. It not only hurts the emotions of both the parties, it hinders the spiritual growth of everyone around too. In short, it is not an honorable act.

4. Unconnected, unnecessary, unwanted, gossip! This is the most wasteful kind of speech. What does one achieve by talking about somebody's something, somewhere to somebody else! There is absolutely no productivity in such kind of conversations. It just kills time and resources.

The verse says that engaging in these 4 kinds of speech faculties are most harmful. Every sound, every syllable has an innate energy in it and we absolutely have to respect the 'shabda brahma' (cosmic energy of sound). Every word pronounced, has the strength to inflict changes in life. (Spoken words and sped arrows can never be taken back.)

Let's speak nice, useful, productive words and vow not to inflict pain on others or hinder our own spiritual growth.

pada vigrahaH:
पारुष्यम् अनृतं च एव पैशुन्यं च अपि सर्वशः
paaruShyam anRutaM cha eva paishunyaM cha api sarvashaH

असम्बद्ध प्रलापः च वाक् मयं स्यात् चतुर्विधम्
asambaddha pralaapaH cha vaak mayaM syaat chaturvidham

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